1. 上海理工大学康复工程与技术研究所 上海 200093;2. 上海康复器械工程技术研究中心 上海 200093;3. 民政部神经功能信息与康复工程重点实验室 上海 200093
1. Institute of Rehabilitation Engineering and Technology,University of Shanghai for Science and Technology,Shanghai,200093;2. Shanghai Rehabilitation Equipment Engineering Technology Research Center,Shanghai,200093;3. Key Laboratory of Neurological Information and Rehabilitation Engineering,Ministry of Civil Affairs,Shanghai,200093
Shanghai Science and Technology Action Innovation Program (20531901500)
颈椎康复设备广泛应用于康复科、推拿科等科室，用于各类颈椎病的治疗，有效减轻了医护人员的体力负担，极大地丰富了医生的治疗手段。该文首先简述了颈椎病的分型、治疗方法及其机理；其次，概述了颈椎康复设备的作用机制，并根据驱动方式、作用机理等对市面上现有的颈椎康复设备进行了分类，将其分为六大种类；再次，针对穿戴式颈椎康复设备的国内外研究及发展现状进行了详细介绍与总结；最后，对穿戴式颈椎康复设备未来 6 个方面（增加牵引维度及模式、提升柔顺性、提升人机耦合性、提升穿戴便携性、加深与传统医学的融合、加快产业化落地）的发展趋势进行了展望。
The utilization of cervical spine rehabilitation devices has become prevalent in rehabilitation departments and massage centers for the management of diverse cervical spine conditions, contributing to the reduction of the physical demands on healthcare professionals and enhancing the treatment options available to medical practitioners. This article initially presents a concise overview of the typology and therapeutic approaches for cervical spondylosis and their underlying mechanisms. Subsequently, the mechanism of operation of cervical spine rehabilitation devices is discussed and the current market offerings are classified into six categories based on their mode of propulsion and mechanism of action. A comprehensive evaluation of the state-of-the-art of domestic and international research and development of wearable cervical spine rehabilitation devices is then presented. The article concludes with a forward-looking outlook on the future growth trajectory of wearable cervical spine rehabilitation devices,specifically in regards to expanding the traction dimension and mode, enhancing the flexibility, human-machine compatibility, and wearability, reinforcing the integration with traditional medicine, and hastening the commercialization of wearable cervical spine rehabilitation devices.